EARTH DAY OCEAN PLASTIC 10 FACTS INFORMATION SHEET

ABOUT EIGHT 8 MILLION TONS OF PLASTIC IS THROWN INTO THE OCEANS EACH YEAR

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Earth Day facts sheet on oceans plastic#10

 

THE MISSION - According to their website, Earth Day Network’s mission is to diversify, educate and activate the environmental movement worldwide. Growing out of the first Earth Day, Earth Day Network claims to be the world’s largest recruiter to the environmental movement, working with more than 75,000 partners in nearly 192 countries to build environmental democracy. More than 1 billion people now participate in Earth Day activities each year, making it the largest civic observance in the world. They work through a combination of education, public policy, and consumer campaigns.

 

The first Earth Day on April 22, 1970, activated 20 million Americans from all walks of life and is widely credited with launching the modern environmental movement. The passage of the landmark Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Endangered Species Act and many other groundbreaking environmental laws soon followed. Twenty years later, Earth Day went global, mobilizing 200 million people in more than 190 countries and lifting environmental issues onto the world stage.

 

 

EARTH DAY 2018 - END PLASTIC POLLUTION - Fact Sheet: Plastics in the Ocean

The billions of items of plastic waste choking our oceans, lakes, and rivers and piling up on land is unsightly and harmful to plants and wildlife.

The following list of 10 ocean facts with links to related articles, shed some light on how plastic is proving dangerous to our planet, health, and wildlife:

 

FACT #1 - About 8 million metric tons of plastic are thrown into the ocean annually. Of those, 236,000 tons are microplastics – tiny pieces of broken-down plastic smaller than your smallest fingernail

Jambeck, J. R., et al. “Plastic Waste Inputs Land to the Ocean.” Science, vol. 347, no. 6223, 13 Feb. 2015, pp. 768–77., doi:10.1126/1260352

 

Erik van Sebille et al 2015 Environ. Res. Lett. 10 124006


FACT #2 - There are five massive slowly revolving patches of plastic in the oceans around the world called gyres. These huge concentrations of plastic debris cover large swaths of the ocean; the one between California and Hawaii is about the size of the state of Texas.

 

https://www.nationalgeographic.org/encyclopedia/great-pacific-garbage-patch/

FACT #3 - Every minute, one garbage truck of plastic is dumped into our oceans.

 

https://www.weforum.org/agenda/2016/10/every-minute-one-garbage-truck-of-plastic-is-dumped-into-our-oceans/

FACT #4 - The amount of plastic in the ocean is set to increase tenfold by 2020.

 

https://www.independent.co.uk/environment/nature/how-scientists-plan-to-clean-up-the-plastic-waste-threatening-marine-life-a6820276.html

FACT #5 - By 2050 there will be more plastic in the oceans than there are fish (by weight).

 

https://www.ellenmacarthurfoundation.org/publications/the-new-plastics-economy-rethinking-the-future-of-plastics-catalysing-action

FACT #6 - Plastic is found in the ocean as far as 11km deep, meaning synthetic fibers have contaminated even the remotest places on Earth.

 

https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/nov/15/plastics-found-in-stomachs-of-deepest-sea-creatures

 

FACT #7 - Many marine organisms can’t distinguish common plastic items from food. Animals who eat plastic often starve because they can’t digest the plastic and it fills their stomachs, preventing them from eating real food.

 

Plastic Pollution Primer and Action Toolkit, Earth Day Network, 2018

FACT #8 - The likelihood of coral becoming diseased increases from 4% to 89% after coming in contact with marine plastic. It also damages the skin of coral, allowing infection. Coral reefs are home to more than 25% of marine life.

 

Lamb, Joleah B., et al. “Plastic Waste Associated Disease Coral Reefs.” American Association Advancement of Science, 26 Jan. 2018, sciencemag

https://coral.org/coral-reefs-101/coral-reef-ecology/coral-reef-biodiversity/

 

FACT #9 - There is more plastic than natural prey at the sea surface of the Great Pacific Garbage Patch. This means that organisms feeding in the area are likely to have plastic as a major component of their diets. One example is that sea turtles by-caught in fisheries operating within and around the 'Patch' can have up to 74% (by dry weight) of their diets composed of ocean plastics.

 

https://www.theoceancleanup.com/updates/how-ocean-plastics-turn-into-a-dangerous-meal/


FACT #10 - Many fish that humans consume, including: brown trout, cisco, and perch, have ingested plastic microfibers at some point in their life.

 

http://www.onegreenplanet.org/environment/how-plastic-from-our-clothing-is-ending-up-in-fish/

 

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OCEAN CLEANUP PROJECTS A - Z

 

* Adidas

* Algalita research foundation

* Aliance to end Plastic Waste AEPW

* Boyan Slat's ocean booms

* Earth Day - Fact sheet ocean plastic

* Fionn Ferreira's ferrofluid extraction of microplastics

* Greenpeace

* 5 Gyres Institute

* Junk Raft - plastic awareness voyage

* Kulo Luna graphic novel

* Miss Ocean - Plastic Awareness Events

* 4Ocean recycled plastic bracelets

* Ocean Voyages Institute

* Ocean Waste Plastic

* Parley AIR

* Plastic Free Eastbourne

* Plastic Oceans Canada

* Plastic Oceans Org

* Plastic Oceans UK

* Recycling Technologies

* Rozalia Project

* Seabin

* Sea Litter Critters

* SeaVax autonomous drones

* Surrey University PIRATE & Triton

* World Oceans Day

 

 

CONTACTS

 

Earth Day Network
1616 P St. NW, Suite 340
Washington, DC 20036
Phone: +1-202-518-0044

Press: communications@earthday.org.

General: info@earthday.org

Website: webmaster@earthday.org.

 

 

LINKS & REFERENCE

 

https://www.earthday.org/2018/04/05/fact-sheet-plastics-in-the-ocean/

 

 

 

 

 

ABS - BIOMAGNIFICATION - CANCER - CARRIER BAGS - COTTON BUDS - DDT - FISHING NETS

HEAVY METALS - MARINE LITTER - MICROBEADS - MICRO PLASTICS - NYLON - OCEAN GYRES - OCEAN WASTE

 PACKAGING - PCBS - PET - PLASTIC - PLASTICS -  POLYCARBONATE - POLYSTYRENE - POLYPROPYLENE - POLYTHENE - POPS

  PVC - SHOES - SINGLE USE - SOUP - STRAWS - WATER

 

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This website is provided on a free basis as a public information service. copyright © Cleaner Oceans Foundation Ltd (COFL) (Company No: 4674774) 2019. Solar Studios, BN271RF, United Kingdom. COFL is a company without share capital.

 

EARTH DAY FACT# SHEET ON OCEAN PLASTIC 10