COP9 BIOLOGICAL DIVERSITY 2008
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COP 9 the ninth ordinary meeting of the parties to the convention took place in May 2008, in Bonn, Germany.
At COP 9, in decision IX/20, the Parties requested the Executive Secretary to compile and synthesize scientific information on the potential impacts on marine biodiversity of both direct human-induced ocean fertilization to sequester CO2 and ocean acidification.
The COP also adopted scientific criteria for identifying ecologically or biologically significant marine areas in need of protection and scientific guidance for designing representative networks of marine protected areas and took note of the four initial steps to be considered in the development of representative networks of marine protected areas.
Further, the COP decided to convene an expert workshop to provide scientific and technical guidance on biogeographic classification systems and on the identification of marine areas beyond national jurisdiction in need of protection.
The COP also requested Parties to ensure that ocean fertilization activities do not take place until there is an adequate scientific basis on which to justify such activities.
SUBSIDIARY BODY ON SCIENTIFIC TECHNICAL AND TECHNOLOGICAL ADVICE
PARTIES TO THE CONVENTION
As of 2016, the Convention on Biological Diversification had 196 parties, which includes 195 states and the European Union. All UN member states - with the exception of the United States - have ratified the treaty.
The United Nations is the link between other Conferences of the Parties to include Climate Change and Desertification. It is a bit confusing to have so many different conferences that deal with interconnected issues. In addition, each member state will have their own meetings on the subject to decide what their position will be at the COPs. We wonder then at the size of the carbon footprints so generated in relation to the effectiveness of the decisions - that at the moment do not appear to be working to stabilize our climate, stop deserts from being created, or protect the habitats of our species.
In our view a climate emergency should have been declared, to accelerate a change from fossil fuels to clean energy harvesting. Not only to protect coral and other endangered species, but also to ensure long term energy security for the parties.
CONFERENCES OF THE PARTIES
The convention's governing body is the Conference of the Parties (COP), consisting of all governments (and regional economic integration organizations) that have ratified the treaty. This ultimate authority reviews progress under the Convention, identifies new priorities, and sets work plans for members.
(a) review of progress in implementation;
(b) strategic actions to enhance implementation;
(c) strengthening means of implementation; and
(d) operations of the convention and the Protocols.
MARINE & COASTAL BIODIVERSITY
There is broad recognition that the seas face unprecedented human-induced threats from industries such as fishing and transportation, the effects of waste disposal, excess nutrients from agricultural runoff, and the introduction of exotic species.
If we fail to understand both the vulnerability and resilience of the living sea, the relatively brief history of the human species will face a tragic destiny.
What's the Problem?
Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
BIODIVERSITY COP HISTORY
CLIMATE CHANGE UN COP HISTORY
DESERTIFICATION COP HISTORY
CONSERVATION RISK - Plastic has accumulated in five ocean hot spots called gyres, see here in this world map derived from information published by 5 Gyres. The plastic is laden with toxins that fish and marine mammals mistake for food and eat - eventually killing them. Marine pollution is thus a major challenge if we are to ensure that species are not wiped out.
LINKS & REFERENCE
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